inopets.com  Pets Common Diseases or Illnesses:

Allergic reaction – Cats

Signs are skin irritation, coughing, or respiratory distress. Since signs are slow to develop in cats, first aid is not very effective; you’ll need to contact the veterinarian.

Constipation

A veterinarian should examine any cat that acts constipated immediately. The cat could have a urinary tract obstruction.

Diarrhea

Up to 3 weeks of age, diarrhea is usually related to too much food intake. It can also be a sign of infection,ingestion of foreign material, intestinal parasites (very common), poisoning, bacteria, viruses, or stress-induced factors.

Diarrhea can occur if you’ve recently switched brands or types of food.

Monitor closely because diarrhea can lead to dehydration.

Withhold all food for 24 hours with adult animals, 12 hours with puppies and kittens

Put on a bland diet and feed 2-3 small meals daily. (Broiled hamburger or chicken and rice are good bland diets)

Give Kaopectate – dosage: 1 tsp for 5 lbs every 2-6 hours

Dehydration

Indications include dry skin, lack of skin elasticity, dry mucus membranes, or darker yellow color to the urine.

This is a dangerous condition for a cat to develop and he/she will need attention. To detect dehydration: Gently grasp the loose skin above the animal’s shoulders or along his/her rib cage, lift it, and let it drop back into place. If the skin drops back slowly or remains bunched up, the animal may be dehydrated. Look at the animal’s gums. Dry, sticky gums are a sign of dehydration Feel the animal’s nose; if it is extremely dry, it could also be a warning signal. Pediasure in their water can help.

If a cat is dehydrated, try feeding canned pumpkin, watery canned cat food, or moisten their dry food with warm water. The pumpkin is especially good for overweight kitties as it adds fiber and vitamins without adding many calories

Hot spots

Signs are moist, inflamed itchy area on skin and will have wet hair around the area from licking. Hot spots are usually extremely sensitive, so it is best to muzzle the animal before treating. Trim hair widely from margins of inflamed area. Wash area gently with soap and water or antiseptic solution. Apply ½% cortisone cream or antibacterial ointment. Contact the veterinarian if irritation persists or if the animal will not allow you apply first aid.

Itching

In animals, the target organ for allergies is their skin. Signs are excessive scratching, licking and chewing feet, redness of skin, skin infections, head shaking, or weeping, irritated eyes. The irritant could be external (on the coat) or internal (inhaled). Bathe the animal to remove surface pollens or irritants Apply soothing lotion (calamine) or ½% cortisone cream Since animals can severely damage their skin by chewing, if symptoms persist, contact the veterinarian.

Loss of appetite

Check for fever, nasal blockage (if a cat can’t smell, he/she won’t eat), intestinal parasites, gastric upset, poor diet, tooth or gum problems.

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