Elephant Animal Profile

Large Mammal

Elephants are large mammals of the family Elephantidae and the order Proboscidea. Three species are currently recognised: the African bush elephant, the African forest elephant, and the Asian elephant. Elephants are scattered throughout sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, and Southeast Asia. Elephantidae is the only surviving family of the order Proboscidea; other, now extinct, members of the order include deinotheres, gomphotheres, mammoths, and mastodons.

Scientific name: Elephantidae

Biological rank: Subfamily

Height: 126 inch (Asian elephant, Male) · 88 inch on average (Asian elephant, Female) · 35 inch (African bush elephant, Newborn) · 98 inch

Weight: 220 pound (Asian elephant, Newborn) · 6,000 pound on average (Asian elephant, Female) · 12,100 pound on average (African bush elephant, Male) · 5,950 pound (African forest elephant)

Lifespan: 60 years – 70 years (African elephant)

Gestation period: 548 days – 670 days (Asian elephant)

Data from: Wikipedia

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