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  • PNW woodlands will be less vulnerable to drought, fire than Rocky Mountain, Sierra forests
    on November 16, 2018 at 7:00 pm

    Forests in the Pacific Northwest will be less vulnerable to drought and fire over the next three decades than those in the Rocky Mountains and Sierra Nevada, computer modeling shows. […]

  • Establishment of the immortalized cell line derived from Okinawa rail (endangered species)
    on November 16, 2018 at 1:32 pm

    As part of the cellular conservation of endangered species, our group initiated a primary cell culture project aimed at preserving endangered avian species in Japan, such as the Okinawa rail. However, primary cells cannot be cultured indefinitely because of cellular senescence and stresses caused by cell culture. To overcome these cell culture limitations, primary cells must be immortalized. As a result, we succeeded to obtain the immortalized avian cells with cell cycle regulation genes expression. […]

  • First tally of US-Russia polar bears finds a healthy population
    on November 14, 2018 at 7:43 pm

    The first scientific assessment of polar bears that live in the Chukchi Sea region that spans the US and Russia finds the population is healthy and does not yet appear to be suffering from declining sea ice. […]

  • Tropical trees in the Andes are moving up -- toward extinction
    on November 14, 2018 at 6:20 pm

    In the most comprehensive study of its kind, biologists have found that tropical and subtropical forests across South America's Andes Mountains are responding to warming temperatures by migrating to higher, cooler elevations, but probably not quickly enough to avoid the loss of their biodiversity, functional collapse, or even extinction. […]

  • Moths and magnets could save lives
    on November 13, 2018 at 4:03 pm

    Bioengineers have combined a virus that infects moths with magnetic nanoparticles to create a potential new therapy for inherited genetic diseases like muscular dystrophy, sickle cell, cystic fibrosis, spinal muscular atrophy and some forms of cancer. […]

  • How plants evolved to make ants their servants
    on November 13, 2018 at 12:17 am

    Plants have evolved ways to make ants defend them from attacks and spread their seeds, and this new study shows how it happened. In a new study breaking down the genetic history of 1,700 species of ants and 10,000 plant genera, researchers found that the long history of ant and plant co-evolution started with ants foraging on plants and plants responding by evolving ant-friendly traits. […]

  • Primates of the Caribbean: Ancient DNA reveals history of mystery monkey
    on November 13, 2018 at 12:16 am

    Analysis of ancient DNA of a mysterious extinct monkey named Xenothrix -- which displays bizarre body characteristics very different to any living monkey -- has revealed that it was in fact most closely related to South America's titi monkeys (Callicebinae). Having made their way overwater to Jamaica, probably on floating vegetation, their bones reveal they subsequently underwent remarkable evolutionary change. […]

  • Misunderstood flying fox could prove bat species demise, warn scientists
    on November 12, 2018 at 6:16 pm

    A large fruit-eating bat native to Mauritius is the subject of controversy over the announcement of a major cull to protect the Indian island's fruit crops, despite a lack of evidence as to the extent of damage directly attributed to the endangered species. Monitoring the damage directly caused by the Mauritian flying fox to commercial fruit, researchers found the bat is responsible for only some, and could be managed effectively without the need to cull. […]

  • Con­ser­va­tion areas help bird­life ad­apt to cli­mate change
    on November 12, 2018 at 6:16 pm

    A warming climate is pushing organisms towards the circumpolar areas and mountain peaks. A recently conducted study on changes in bird populations reveals that protected areas slow down the north-bound retreat of species. […]

  • It's not trails that disturb forest birds, but the people on them
    on November 12, 2018 at 1:24 pm

    The physical presence of trails has less impact on forest birds than how frequently the trails are used by people, finds the first study to disentangle the effect of forest trails from the presence of humans. This is also the case when trails have been used for decades, suggesting that forest birds do not get used to human activity. To minimize disturbance, people should avoid roaming from designated pathways. […]

  • New tool to predict which plants will become invasive
    on November 8, 2018 at 7:22 pm

    New research provides insight to help predict which plants are likely to become invasive in a particular community. The results showed that non-native plants are more likely to become invasive when they possess biological traits that are different from the native community and that plant height can be a competitive advantage. […]

  • Marine Protected Areas overlook a large fraction of biodiversity hotspots
    on November 8, 2018 at 2:13 pm

    Around 75 percent of marine biodiversity in Finnish waters is left unprotected, reveals a performance assessment of the country's current Marine Protected Area network. Increasing protection by just 1 percent in the most biodiverse areas could double conservation of the most important species. In addition to identifying areas of high conservation value, the methodology can also be used in ecosystem-based marine spatial planning and impact avoidance, including siting of wind energy, aquaculture and other human activities. […]

  • Amazon forests failing to keep up with climate change
    on November 8, 2018 at 2:13 pm

    New research has assessed the impact of global warming on thousands of tree species across the Amazon to discover the winners and losers from 30 years of climate change. The analysis found the effects of climate change are altering the rainforest's composition of tree species but not quickly enough to keep up with the changing environment. […]

  • Florida monarch butterfly populations have dropped 80 percent since 2005
    on November 8, 2018 at 2:12 pm

    A 37-year survey of monarch populations in North Central Florida shows that caterpillars and butterflies have been declining since 1985 and have dropped by 80 percent since 2005. […]

  • How invasive earthworm feces is altering US soils
    on November 6, 2018 at 5:14 pm

    Asian jumping earthworms are carving out territory all over the US Midwest and East Coast, leaving in their wake changed soils that are just beginning to be studied. […]

  • Tropical mountain species in the crosshairs of climate change
    on November 6, 2018 at 4:16 pm

    Lack of varied seasons and temperatures in tropical mountains have led to species that are highly adapted to their narrow niches, creating the right conditions for new species to arise in these areas, according to a new study. Still, the same traits that make tropical mountains among the most biodiverse ecosystems on Earth also make the species that live there more vulnerable to rapid climate changes, the study finds. […]

  • More affordable and effective conservation of species
    on November 5, 2018 at 5:25 pm

    No one had reported seeing the strange creature -- a cross between a bear and a monkey -- since before the Great Depression. Then, this past summer, an amateur biologist stumbled upon the presumed-extinct Wondiwoi tree kangaroo while trekking through Papua New Guinea. The revelation underscored how little we still know about the natural world -- a major obstacle to conservation. […]

  • Could rising CO2 trigger return of eradicated mosquito-related disease?
    on November 5, 2018 at 3:53 pm

    A new study shows for the first time the impact that climate change is having on the rate in which mosquitoes diversify, and what this might mean for human health in the future. […]

  • Seed banking not an option for over a third of threatened species
    on November 2, 2018 at 5:28 pm

    Researchers detail for the first time the scale of threatened species that are unable to be conserved in seed banks. The paper reveals that when looking at threatened species, 36 percent of 'critically endangered' species produce recalcitrant seeds. This means they can't tolerate the drying process and therefore cannot be frozen, the key process they need to go through to be safely 'banked.' […]

  • First discovery of adventive populations of Trissolcus japonicus
    on November 2, 2018 at 2:59 pm

    Researchers used DNA analysis to confirm the wasp - which is native to China, Japans and Korea - was found in Switzerland in 2017. […]

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