Planets and Animals

Planets and Animals

  • Chemical pollutants disrupt reproduction in anemonefish
    on December 5, 2021 at 4:17 pm

    Ocean pollution is unfortunately becoming more commonplace, raising concerns over the effect of chemicals that are leaching into the water. In a new study, researchers have discovered how these chemicals can affect the reproduction in common anemonefish Amphiprion ocellaris.

  • Probiotics improve nausea and vomiting in pregnancy
    on December 5, 2021 at 12:09 am

    Researchers found that probiotics significantly improve the symptoms of pregnancy-related nausea, vomiting and constipation. Nausea and vomiting affect about 85% of pregnancies and can significantly impact quality of life, particularly during early pregnancy.

  • Where did western honey bees come from? New research finds the sweet spot
    on December 3, 2021 at 8:14 pm

    For decades, scientists have hotly debated the origin of the western honey bee. Now, new research has discovered these popular honey-producing bees most likely originated in Asia.

  • Daytime meals may reduce health risks linked to night shift work
    on December 3, 2021 at 8:14 pm

    A small clinical trial has found that eating during the nighttime -- like many shift workers do -- can increase glucose levels, while eating only during the daytime might prevent the higher glucose levels now linked with a nocturnal work life.

  • Gene-editing used to create single sex mice litters, 100% efficiency
    on December 3, 2021 at 1:15 pm

    Scientists have used gene editing technology to create female-only and male-only mice litters with 100% efficiency.

  • Wild blue wonder: X-ray beam explores food color protein
    on December 3, 2021 at 12:11 am

    A natural food colorant called phycocyanin provides a fun, vivid blue in soft drinks, but it is unstable on grocery shelves. A synchrotron is helping to steady it.

  • Most dog breeds highly inbred
    on December 2, 2021 at 9:21 pm

    The majority of dog breeds are highly inbred, contributing to an increase in disease and health care costs throughout their lifespan, according to new research.

  • Researchers attacking menacing ‘superbug’
    on December 2, 2021 at 9:21 pm

    Scientists around the world have been working in earnest to improve understanding of an increasingly virulent superbug, Clostridium difficile. The highly contagious hospital-acquired pathogen, designated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as one of the five most urgent threats to the U.S. healthcare system, causes more than 500,000 infections and 29,000 deaths each year at a total societal cost exceeding $5 billion.

  • Forty percent of North Atlantic right whale population using Gulf of Saint Lawrence as seasonal habitat
    on December 2, 2021 at 8:39 pm

    A new study confirms that the Gulf of St. Lawrence is an important habitat for a large proportion of the endangered North Atlantic right whale population.

  • Novel 3D printing technique to engineer biofilms
    on December 2, 2021 at 7:16 pm

    Biologists are studying how engineered biofilms closely mimic natural ones. Their research may aid in developing drugs to fight the negative effects of these microorganisms that adhere to surfaces.

  • Stemming the tide of invasive weeds with herbicide capsules
    on December 2, 2021 at 7:15 pm

    An innovative herbicide delivery system could revolutionize the way agricultural and environmental managers battle invasive weeds.

  • Host and resident bacteria join forces to control fungi in plant roots
    on December 2, 2021 at 7:15 pm

    Researchers have discovered that diverse root-colonizing fungi can benefit plants, but only when they are kept in check by the host innate immune system and the bacteria residing in roots.

  • Harnessing the organization of the cell surface
    on December 2, 2021 at 7:15 pm

    Scientists have developed a new method to determine how proteins are organized on the surface of cells. Insights gained with the technology could lead to the development of novel drugs to fight cancer.

  • Predicting protein-protein interactions
    on December 2, 2021 at 7:15 pm

    Scientists have collaborated to build a structurally-motivated deep learning method built from recent advances in neural language modeling. The team's deep-learning model, called D-SCRIPT, was able to predict protein-protein interactions (PPIs) from primary amino acid sequences.

  • The layered effect: A single-cell map of corn’s root reveals a regulator of cellular diversity
    on December 2, 2021 at 7:15 pm

    A new study uses novel single-cell profiling techniques to reveal how plants add new cell layers that help them resist climate stressors like drought or flooding. The research focuses on corn -- a critically important crop around the world -- in an effort to create a cell-by-cell map of the plant's root system, which mediates drought stress and absorbs nutrients and fertilizer from the soil.

  • Building a human body through gastrulation
    on December 2, 2021 at 7:14 pm

    Researchers offer a phylogenetic and ontogenetic overview of the primitive streak and its role in mediating amniote (vertebrate animals that develop on land) gastrulation, and discuss the implications of embryonic stem cell-based models of early mammalian embryogenesis on the function of this structure.

  • Plant pathogen evades immune system by targeting the microbiome
    on December 2, 2021 at 5:30 pm

    Biologists have discovered how a pathogenic fungus can bypass the immune system of plants. By releasing an 'effector' molecule, it avoids elimination at a critical stage in its reproduction cycle.

  • Two-photon microscope provides unprecedented brain-imaging ability
    on December 2, 2021 at 5:30 pm

    Advancing our understanding of the human brain will require new insights into how neural circuitry works in mammals, including laboratory mice. These investigations require monitoring brain activity with a microscope that provides resolution high enough to see individual neurons and their neighbors.

  • Adding single type of bacteria to gut microbiome boosted anti-tumor immunity in mice
    on December 2, 2021 at 4:34 pm

    Bacterium common in the mouse gut microbiome can charge up the immune system to fight cancer cells in the colon.

  • Scientists pinpoint protein’s role in critical gene expression
    on December 2, 2021 at 4:34 pm

    New research has implications for cancer research because it explains part of the paradox for how cells can transcribe genes in the absence of high-energy sources, a situation that unfolds in cancer and has puzzled researchers for years.

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